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Experts Advise on Elimination of Age-related Gender Discrimination
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2016-8-5-
Title: Experts Advise on Elimination of Age-related Gender Discrimination
Source: China Women's News
Release Date: August 5, 2016
Keyword: age-related gender discrimination, delayed retirement age policy, working-age population
China's top human resources and social security authority recently held a press conference to put forward a delayed retirement age policy in a progressive way. 
On the basis of empirical research on the new retirement policy, Professor Liu Minghui, from the Law School of China Women's University, and her student Chen Chaofan, proposed a series of suggestions.
In China, the working-age population is expected to decrease to 700 million by 2050, a sharp decline from the estimated 830 million in 2030, according to data released at the press conference. 
Data also shows that this population has been in decline since it peaked at 925 million in 2011. 
In addition, as of the end of 2015, there were 220 million senior citizens aged 60 or above in China, accounting for 16.1 percent of the total population. 
Against the backdrop of an ageing population, as well as the market's rigid demand for labor, comes the emergence of a later and later retirement age. 
After the release of the Notice on Retirement Age of County-level Female Officials and Senior Female Professionals in Agencies and Institutions, which was jointly issued in 2015 by the Organization Department of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security, the authors carried out a survey of female officials below the county level on their attitudes towards the new regulation. 
Results show that 38.9 percent of respondents believe that the new rule will result in new discrimination within the group of female officials. Around 18 percent think the rule doesn't even give men the right to choose their retirement age, seeing it as a discrimination against men. 
In particular, 41.8 percent of grassroots female cadres below the county level believe that the new rule regulating them to retire at the age of 55 will affect the realization of equal rights of employment. Moreover, about 35.6 percent believe the mandatory retirement policy will result in damage to their economic rights. At the same time, 31 percent consider the rule will impact their chances for promotion, giving rise to a waste of human resources. 
From the point of view of realization of personal values, 18.4 percent of female respondents hope to be able to retire at 60. 
Another 18.8 percent also hope the retirement age will be raised to 60 so as to meet their social needs and better adapt to life after retirement. 
The rule only entitles county-level female officials and senior female professionals to enjoy the rights of a delayed retirement age, and excludes the grassroots from enjoying the same-age retirement policy, artificially constituting a new discrimination within the female team. 
Therefore, Professor Liu and her student jointly put forward to change "the retirement age" into "the age that retirees can draw their pensions", and to set up a minimum retirement age according to different jobs, instead of the current distinction between "senior cadres" and "the grassroots". 
The authors also appeal to authorities to balance requirements and interest expectations for men and women in different posts, respect their personal choices to retire at an earlier age, and establish a moderately flexible retirement age system. 
Professor Liu said that, in terms of a specific plan of delayed retirement, eliminating age-related gender discrimination will be an outstanding achievement in the implementation of the basic State policy of equality between men and women, as well as a spotlight in the government work report. 
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