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Women's Movements Under the C.P.C
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2016-11-8-
Title: Women's Movements Under the C.P.C
Author: Zhou Lei
Source: WSIC
Release Date: November 7, 2016
Keyword: women's movement, women's work, May Fourth
 
The Communist Party of China (C.P.C) has attached great importance to the leadership of women's movements since the founding of the Party. 
 
Early in 1922, the Communist Party of China (C.P.C) promulgated China's first Decision on Women's Movements at its second National People's Congress the year after the establishment of the C.P.C. The programmatic document not only set up a clear banner of Marxism, but also provides a reference for the development of women's work today. 
 
The Background of the Formulation of the Decision on Women's Movements
 
As most Chinese communists experienced the May Fourth New Culture Movement, which took place in 1919, many people began to pay close attention to women's issues.
 
After the Theory of Marxism was introduced to China, the communists started to explore the path towards women's liberation in line with Chinese national conditions, providing an important theoretical basis for policy-making related to women's movements. 
 
At the same time, policy-making was also influenced by the Communist International, which was also known as the Third International from 1919 to 1943. 
 
In July 1921, the C.P.C was founded on the basis of the establishment and development of Marxist research groups, promoting the process of women's liberation. 
 
Introductions to the 2nd National People's Congress of the C.P.C and Decision on Women's Movements
 
The Party convened its second National People's Congress on July 16, 1922 in Shanghai. There were 12 representatives attending the conference, of which Xiang Jingyu was the only woman. The Decision on Women's Movements was also adopted at the same time.
 
The decision compared women's different statuses under the different social systems of capitalism and socialism and pointed out it was private ownership that led to women's inferior positions. The programmatic document stressed that women at all levels should be included as a main force in women's movements. In addition, the decision also emphasized the construction of women's organizations and the development of work related to propaganda. 
 
Enlightenment and Significance
 
The Decision on Women's Movements is an important part of the democratic revolution programs formulated by the Communist Party of China. It is of great significance to the development of Chinese women's movements and also provides a reference for women's work today, embodying the general direction and guiding principal of women's movements under the leadership of the C.P.C in the period of democratic revolution. 
 
The author is Zhou Lei, associate researcher of the Women's Studies Institute of China, affiliated to the All-China Women's Federation.
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