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Toilet Revolution in China
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2017-2-14-
Title: Toilet Revolution in China
Source: Hunan Daily
Release Date: February 13, 2014
Keyword: Toilet Revolution, China
"Toilet revolution", first proposed by the United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), is an important measure to improve sanitation in developing countries across the globe. 
Toilets in the countryside and at scenic spots have earned a nasty reputation in China. In rural areas, they are often little more than shabby shelters surrounded by bunches of cornstalk or just open pits next to pigsties. It not only causes an unpleasant smell, but also leads to a health hazard. At tourist sites, complaints of insufficient toilets and unsanitary conditions have angered visitors. 
According to statistics, around 80 percent of infectious diseases in rural areas across China are caused by fecal pollution and unsanitary drinking water, of which, more than 30 kinds of diseases are related to feces. This is why China began its own "toilet revolution" in the 1960s, making steady progress to improve sanitation nationwide. 
According to Li Jinzao, head of China National Tourism Administration, a total of 50,916 toilets have been installed or upgraded so far, 89.33 percent of the official target the government announced for 2015 to 2017. 
In addition, China wants to build 19,512 public restrooms and renovate another 6,685 this year, investing over 10 billion yuan (U.S. $ 1.45 billion) on improving toilet facilities at scenic spots. 
For instance, central China's Hunan Province built or renovated more than 1,541 public restrooms last year, ranking fourth across the nation. At the end of 2017, Hunan is projected to construct or reconstruct 3,025 public toilets, including 35 "third" public toilets at 5A tourist sites. 
A "third" public toilet refers to a special facility that can be used by family members of different genders at the same time. 
The current "toilet revolution" is surely establishing new standards for toilets. 
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