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Are Women More Honest and Upright Than Men?
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2017-9-28-
Title: Are Women More Honest and Upright Than Men?
Author:
Source: WSIC
Release Date: September 28, 2017
Keyword: women, men, rules, social ethics, opinion, deviant behaviors
 

The tolerance of corruption refers to the extent to which people tend to accept corruption. In other words, it is a way for people to understand rules and social ethics, as well as opinions about deviant behaviors, reflecting people's attitude towards corruption from the perspective of values.

The authors Guo Xiajuan, professor from the Department of Government Management at the School of Public Affairs, Zhejiang University, and Tu Wenyan, doctoral candidate from the Department of Public Policy at the College of Liberal Arts and Social Science, City University of Hong Kong, invited 1,026 respondents who work in Party and government organs and institutions across the country to take part in the investigation. Of these, 558 are women and 468 are men.

Through a series of questionnaires, interviews and statistical analyses, the authors tried to find out differences of corruption tolerance between men and women from two dimensions, including the total tolerance for corruption in Chinese government, academia and business circles and the tolerance for specific government corruption.

The results uncovered some interesting facts:

1.Female civil servants are less tolerant than men in corruption related to government, academic and business circles.

'1' stands for 'completely intolerant' and '10' stands for 'completely tolerant'. Therefore, the results show that the average tolerance for civil servants in the above three industries respectively are 3.32, 3.62 and 2.89. Women are less tolerant than men of corruption, a drop of 0.21, 0.29 and 0.23 respectively.

According to the survey, the most intolerance for both men and women lies in academic corruption, followed by government and business corruption.

2.The tolerance for female civil servants towards specific government corruption is lower than that of men.

Among 13 types of government corruption, including corruption concerning public security, personal problems and gift money, public servants' average tolerance is 2.76, and 6.40 percent, or 66 respondents chose zero tolerance towards government corruption.

3.Women are still less tolerant than men towards government corruption after controlling important variables.

Some scholars believe that women can be just as corrupt as men when they get the same corrupt networks and opportunities. Analysis results show, however, when civil servants are at the same administrative levels, wages and working years, women are still less tolerant than men to government corruption.

4.Gender culture construction is an important factor causing women to be more honest and upright than men.

In order to explain why women are more honest and upright than men, researchers also interviewed 159 public servants, including 67 male and 92 female respondents.

Respondents mainly discussed gender culture construction between men and women, and what was mentioned the most was that social division of labor requires women to take on more housework and childcare responsibilities.

It is the social and cultural environment that makes women more conservative, cautious, sensitive and compassionate, which also makes them more honest and upright.

Therefore, it concludes that women are less tolerant than men of the majority of government corruption, according to the survey of gender difference in the tolerance of corruption among Chinese public officials. However, this difference is not determined by biological sex, but gender cultural construction causing women to be more honest than men, providing reference for creating a social atmosphere with zero-tolerance of corruption. 

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