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Researchers in SE China Voice Latest Opinions on Gender Equality
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2018-8-9-
Title: Researchers in SE China Voice Latest Opinions on Gender Equality
Author: Su Yilin
Source: Women Voice
Release Date: 2018/8/9
Keyword: Researchers, Opinions, Gender Equality

A symposium on the theme of "Theory and Practice in Women's Development During the 40 Years of Reform and Opening up Policy" recently took place at Xiamen University, southeast China's Fujian Province.

The conference was co-sponsored by the Women's Gender Research and Training Base of Xiamen University and Fujian Women's Theory Research Association.

Some 100 leaders, experts and scholars from over 20 universities and related institutions across the country attended the seminar.

Participants discussed topics such as the development of gender equality in the public domain and women’s development path with Chinese characteristics.

They demonstrated the achievements of China's gender equality cause in the 40 years of reform and opening up and presented the theoretical and practical issues faced during the process of women's development. Meanwhile, they reflected on women's future development in China.

Ma Yan, a researcher at the All-China Women's Federation (ACWF), reviewed the exploration of women's theories since the reform and opening up.

Shi Hongmei, a professor at the School of Marxism at Xiamen University, expressed the belief that in the future people should pay attention to the theoretical resources in the classic Marxist texts, and to Marxist factors in the development of Western feminist theory.

Meanwhile, Shi proposed four suggestions to establish the theory of socialist women and gender equality with Chinese characteristics.

Chang Yinting, a professor at Shanxi Normal University elaborated on the relationship between men and women in Chinese history and their relationship in the historical process of women's liberation and development.

China's reform and opening up policy has brought people in the country a better material life. It has also provided more choices for people's lives and career development, said the officials.

Zheng Zhenzhen, a researcher at the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said that with the advancement of reform and opening up, more rural residents are engaged in various economic activities in cities.

Since the turn of the 21st century, women have accounted for nearly half of China's labor mobility, whereby rural young women lead the trend, said officials.

More women have actively gotten involved in the process of economic development and social change, especially the new generation of women who grew up after the implementation of the reform and opening up.

Wu Jing, a researcher at Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University believes that with the rapid advancement of urban and rural integration, the social stratum structure has become more mature.

Wu shared three of her findings with other attendees at the event.

First, the more intensely women feel about family division of labor and gender discrimination in employment, the higher their evaluation of their own class identity will be.

Second, those who have higher self-evaluation of socioeconomic status also have a higher evaluation of their own class identity.

Third, the influence of gender consciousness on the identity of women's classes differs in terms of urban and rural areas.

Yang Jühua, a professor at the Institute of Gerontology, Renmin University of China, analyzed the differences in the fields of resources, opportunities and outcomes between the two genders.

"Although women have a longer life expectancy than men, they are more likely to suffer from poverty when they get old," said Yang.

Meanwhile, Li Dan, a professor at Xiamen University, reviewed four important stages in the development of Chinese women's NGOs during the 40 years of reform and opening up.

He Mingli, a researcher of Fujian Normal University, suggested that government officials should cultivate a group of new female farmers to solve the dilemma faced by women.

With the development of society and the liberation of women, more women choose to work in the public sector. However, housework, raising children and supporting the elderly in the family are still dominated by women, said experts.

Cao Rui, an associate professor at Shanghai Business School, studied the difficulties encountered by Shanghai white-collar women, and the social services provided for them. Based on the analysis, Cao proposed suggestions as references for other social service organizations.

(Source: Women Voice/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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