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Report: Chinese Families Welcomed More 2nd-children in 2017
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2018-8-9-
Title: Report: Chinese Families Welcomed More 2nd-children in 2017
Author: Su Yilin
Source: Women Voice
Release Date: 2018/8/9
Keyword: Chinese Families, 2nd-children, Women

Many married couples across the country expanded their families last year thanks to the second-child policy, according to the recently released 2017 Report on Sanitation and Health Development in China.

Some 1.75 million people were born in east China's Shandong Province, accounting for about 10 percent of the total new-born population across the country, according to the report.

Meanwhile, some 1.5 million babies were born in 2017 in south China's Guangdong Province. Similarly, some 1.4 million were born in 2017 in central China's Henan Province.

In addition, the infant mortality rate in China has dropped from 0.75 percent to 0.68 percent, and the maternal mortality rate has also decreased.

The average life expectancy of citizens has increased from 76.5 years in 2016 to 76.7 years in 2017, according to the statistics.

Furthermore, the main health indicators in China are generally better than the average level of those of middle and high income countries.

According to the latest statistics of the Office of the National Working Commission on Aging, the number of newly-elderly people in the country exceeded 10 million for the first time last year.

Meanwhile, the number of elderly people who are over 60 has reached to 240 million, accounting for 17.3 percent of the total population.

It is estimated that by 2020, the number of elderly people over the age of 60 will increase to around 255 million.

Compared to the 70s, there are more Chinese couples with only one child due to the family planning policy. In the future, the "four-two-one" family structure will be more common, which is when a couple raises just one child, who goes on to take care of four elderly people.

At present, there are about 40 million elderly people who are wholly or partially physically-impaired in the country, and they have an increasing demand for rigid services such as healthcare and rehabilitation.

Li Zhihong, director of the Policy Research Department of the Office of the National Working Commission on Aging, said: "The fundamental realities of China are different from other developed countries. The problems and contradictions are more complicated in our country."

"During the 13th Five-Year Plan period, China will accelerate the establishment of a long-term care and protection system, focusing on long-term medical care and long-term life care for the disabled, and providing a stable, reliable and sustainable source of protection," added Li.

(Source: Women Voice/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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