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Survey: Living Conditions of Full-time Housewives, Working Women
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2018-8-29-
Title: Survey: Living Conditions of Full-time Housewives, Working Women
Author: Liu Yanmei
Source: China Women's News
Release Date: 2018/8/15
Keyword: Living Conditions, Full-time Housewives, Working Women

Beijing Women's Federation recently conducted an investigation to analyze the different living conditions of full-time housewives and working women in Beijing in terms of their marriages and family relationships, as reported by China Women's News.

Returning to the family from the workplace and becoming a full-time housewife for a long period of time is increasingly becoming an option for many women.

Whether the phenomenon of "full-time homemakers" is a step forward or a step backward for individuals, women's families or the women's liberation movement in general has aroused heated debate.

Therefore, in order to understand the situation in terms of marriage, family relationships, economic status, and other factors, of full-time housewives and working women, Beijing Women's Federation Research Group carried out the investigation.

A total of 5,404 questionnaires were collected, including 1,211 valid samples for full-time housewives, 810 online and 401 offline. There were 1,193 valid samples for working women, 791 online and 402 offline.

Education vs Income

According to the survey, most full-time housewives received a good education but at a slightly lower rate than working women, and their working hours and income are also inferior to the latter.

The percentage of full-time housewives and working women receiving higher education was recorded at 66.22 percent and 76.1 percent, respectively.

The percentage of stay-at-home mothers and working women without children was 15.8 percent and 19.4 percent, respectively, compared with 10.5 percent and 8.6 percent for two children.

Responsibility vs Decision-making

It was found that 80 percent of full-time housewives usually choose to be housewives for a period of 10 years or shorter, mainly because they need to take responsibility of caring for their families, especially for children, accounting for 56.1 percent.

Full-time housewives spend more time doing housework than working women, and their spouses do less housework.

At the same time, more than 40 percent of full-time housewives and more than 30 percent of working women do not have a member of the older generation to help them with the housework.

The survey also indicates that 1.32 percent of full-time housewives earn independent income through flexible working methods such as wealth management and stock trading, with an average monthly income of 8,414 yuan.

As for family decision-making, the proportion of full-time housewives and working women who deal with big purchases, such as buying a car or house, with their spouses is 79.3 percent and 82.15 percent respectively.

Some 27.58 percent of full-time housewives and 23.87 percent of working women are responsible for making decisions on their own about daily family chores.

Gender Conception vs Self-realization

From the perspective of gender development cognition, working women are more likely to agree with gender equality and agree that "men should actively share housework", accounting for 90.95 percent and 84.6 percent of full-time housewives.

Compared with working women, full-time housewives have simpler leisure pursuits, less social activities, have higher social function in the community, and are less willing to talk to their spouses about their troubles.

While working women participate more in social activities, more often, 31.77 percent of them socialize once or twice a week.

(Source: China Women's News/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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