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Expert's Interpretation on Gender Statistics, Analysis Report
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2018-9-26-
Title: Expert's Interpretation on Gender Statistics, Analysis Report
Author: Xie Wen
Source: Fnews.cc
Release Date: 2018/9/14
Keyword: Expert's Interpretation, Gender Statistics, Analysis Report
 

Ge Bin, a professor at the Party School of Guangzhou Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China, gave an interview to discuss the recently released 2016 Shenzhen Gender Statistics Report and the 2016 Hebei Province Gender Analysis Report.

The reports outline the development of men and women in terms of topics such as population composition, education, employment and political participation; and, respectively reveal much information on the promotion of gender equality in the two places.

According to Ge, the data provided by Hebei covers both cities and rural areas, thus it is widely applicable to the overall situation in China. The report also indicates the development of urban and rural women through the comparison of relevant gender data.

"For example, in public management participation, the proportion of female members in the resident’s committees at provincial or city levels accounts for 63.6 percent, whilst the proportion in village committees is 16.1 percent. The proportion of female directors in the residents committee makes up 63.0 percent, but it's barely 1.39 percent in villages.

"This indicates that the gap between urban and rural women's participation in social governance prominently exists, and there still leaves a lot of room for improvement in rural areas to address the gap.

"Gender-separated statistics also focus on the development of both genders. For example, the statistics provided by Shenzhen fully reflects the distinct gender situation.

"For instance, the Shenzhen report reveals that women's participation rate in social security is insufficient, especially in the payment of the housing provident funds, which is almost a third less than that of their male peers.

"Social gender theory concentrates both on women and men. Through this data, relevant departments can find different problems in both genders and implement accurate countermeasures," said Ge.

When asked about the most concerned indicators in both reports, Ge listed three indexes: sex ratio at birth, the education of girls, and the employment situation of women.

Ge said that the country has been adopting corresponding measures to reduce the gender gap and has achieved a result as shown in the data. If the problem of female illiteracy is not resolved, it will lead to poverty, and increase the difficulty of poverty alleviation. It would even pose obstacles for the country's poverty alleviation.

"According to the two reports, all teenage girls have an access to education in China, which means that the future society will gradually eliminate illiteracy, especially female illiteracy. That's very gratifying.

"In the distribution of women's employment, the Hebei report shows that the number of women employed in urban non-private units is 2.37 million. This accounts for 37.11 percent of the total. The number of women in rural labor force is 7.87 million, accounting for 42.9 percent of the total, thus showing an overall good tendency in the female employment rate.

"However, the report also indicates that women are not well-distributed in higher-paying occupations, and the proportion is higher in lower-paying professions. This will also affect the situation of women's social security, thus there is a pressing need for adjustment," Ge said.

Speaking of the significance of the two statistics reports, Ge pointed out that they reflect the characteristics of gender development through the natural and social attributes of men and women and their interrelationships.

"The two reports give people a clearer understanding of the general situation and status, rights, roles and development of the two genders in economic and social development. We can also discover the problems existing in the development of the two genders and provide a reference for analysis and problem solving.

"In addition, based on the gender inequality reflected in the data, we can urge people to look at gender issues from the perspective of gender theory, and promote the harmonious development of men and women by adhering to the basic national policy of gender equality," Ge added.

Literally speaking, Ge explained to the reporter, gender-separated statistics include physical gender, such as the sex ratio at birth and different life expectancy of both sexes, which in fact also has a very strong social gender color, whilst the social gender statistics would more often probe into gender disparities generated by social culture from a social gender perspective.

"In fact, I think the most important thing is that the investigators can adhere to the basic national policy and use the gender theory to analyze the data to make it more fit into China's national conditions and regional characteristics.

"The two reports basically cover the basic situation of gender development, but they are still insufficient in exploring the economic, social and cultural sectors.

For instance, statistics need to be further improved concerning such areas as female population distribution, women's participation in social governance, domestic violence, sexual harassment, women's unpaid household work and time statistics for child care," said Ge.

Ge also stated that the promotion work of gender statistics in China faces opportunities and challenges and needed to be imminently addressed.

Ge explained that, "The Beijing Platform for Action adopted by the World Conference on Women of UN in 1995 requires countries across the globe to develop appropriate methods, promote research, collect and compile gender-related statistics.

The statistics related to women's economic, social, cultural and political development will provide a reference for us to develop gender statistics.

"Since 1995, the State Council has promulgated three cycles of the Chinese Women's Development Program Outlines, and proposed the overall goals, priority areas, main objectives and strategies for women's development, and called for the establishment of national, provincial and city level monitoring databases, which have provided the basis for promoting national gender statistics.

"As the national gender statistics, there will be many challenges in terms of cultural concepts, strategic thinking, statistical professions, and international standards. Whilst doing a good job in statistics is not only a matter that involves the statistics department, the working committee on women and children and women's federations, but is also related to various sectors of society," Ge concluded.

(Source: Fnews.cc/Translated and edited by Women of China)
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