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Symposium on Research into Chinese Women's Social Status
Source:Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date:2018-10-23-
Title: Symposium on Research into Chinese Women's Social Status
Author: Xie Wen
Release Date: 2018/10/17
Keyword: Symposium, Chinese Women, Social Status

Researchers shared their findings at the 2018 Symposium on Chinese Women's Social Status Survey, on the theme of "Research on Chinese Women's Social Status and Development in the New Era."

The meeting was jointly organized by the Women's Studies Institute of China (WSIC), the Institute of Population and Labor Economics of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, and the Department of Sociology of Peking University.

Over 120 Chinese experts and scholars from universities and research institutes attended the meeting and shared the latest research results on issues such as education, employment, gender equality, marriage dividends, child development in divorced families, changes in women's lifestyles, and women's health services.

The attendees reviewed the latest key research issues in education in the past 20 years; investigated gender segregation of the past 40 years; and studied the impact of wage levels on the hours worked by men and women.

By reviewing hot topics and key issues of Chinese women's development research in the field of education since 2000, Zhao Yuan, a professor at Jinling Women's College of Nanjing Normal University, found that researchers usually focus on the education problems of vulnerable groups in rural areas, poverty-stricken regions and places inhabited by ethnic minorities, and relevant papers account for 45.77 percent.

These researchers also put forward strategies, for example, to strengthen female education and training, and popularize school and caliber-focused education.

The researchers discuss women's educational status and gender equality, and believe promoting equal education is an important way to improve women's social status. They also emphasize the benefits of women's higher education, vocational education, and women's educational thought studies.

Yang Hui, an associate researcher with WSIC, is concerned about the trend of gender segregation in the employment sector.

After studying the gender composition of the sector in the past 40 years, she found the overall gender segregation has doubled; and that gender and work access have exerted a great impact on job opportunities.

Zhang Qi, professor of the Capital University of Economics and Business and her doctoral student Wu Chuanqi have been focusing on the incentive effect of wage levels on the hours worked by men and women.

After analyzing data from the China Labor-force Dynamics Survey released in 2016, they found the wage incentive effect on female laborers is 25 percent higher than that for men. Of other factors affecting the working hours of male and female laborers, family is the prominent factor that makes a relatively big gender difference.

Through analysis of the statistics, experts examined the changes of gender differences in individual's marital satisfaction. According to the findings, children are not less developed in divorced families based on their performance, despite a common misunderstanding on the issue.

Lu Jiehua, a professor at Peking University, has paid attention to gender differences in the sense of happiness increased by marriage in the 21st century and its changing trends.

Lu found that, regardless of the year they were born or the year they got married, marriages have a more positive effect on the husband than on the wife.

After studying the impact of divorce and parental quarrels on over 30 indicators such as academic and psychological development, interpersonal reaction, and deviant behavior, Zhang Chunni, from Peking University, observed that the indicators among children of divorced single mothers and reconstituted families are almost the same as those of other families; and children of divorced single mothers even significantly outperform their peers with parents still married to each other in studies. In families with a complete marriage, quarrels have a significant negative impact on children more than the above indicators.

Song Jian, a professor at Renmin University of China, argued that there is still a lack of consensus on women's status; and issues surrounding the interrelationship between women's social status and family status and the positioning of family status in women's status system still need to be further explored.

Professor Zhang Fengrong of Northeast Normal University discussed the importance of big data in promoting women's health and verified the theoretical relationship between women's health and regional development, social security and social security.

Ma Huidi, director and specially-appointed researcher of the Chinese National Academy of Arts, stated that contemporary women's lifestyles are diversified and changing the path of women's cultural development. Therefore, Ma believes that rethinking contemporary lifestyles from the perspective of history and culture is helpful for improving women's social status.

Professor Li Yan at Xi'an Polytechnic University and her graduate student Yan Yonghua found that the socio-economic and cultural backgrounds of different places all pose challenges to the social adaptation of married women. The economic factors and the situations of the husband's family also cause differences in the social adaptation of unmarried women.

(Source: Translated and edited by Women of China)
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