Source：Chinese Women's Research Network | Release Date：2010-11-22
The Harvard Analytical Framework is also called the Gender Roles Framework or Gender Analysis Framework. Developed by the Harvard Institute for International development in collaboration with the WID office of USAID, and based on the WID efficiency approach, it is one of the earliest gender analysis and planning frameworks.
Aims of the Harvard framework:
To demonstrate that there is an economic rationale for investing in women as well as men.
To assist planners design more efficient projects and improve overall productivity.
To emphasise the importance of better information as the basis for meeting the efficiency/equity goal.
To map the work of men and women in the community and highlight the key differences.
The Harvard framework is originally outlined in Overholt, Anderson, Cloud and Austin, Gender Roles in Development Projects: A Case Book, 1984, Kumarian Press: Connecticut.
The framework consists of a matrix for collecting data at the micro (community and household) level. It has four interrelated components:
the activity profile, which answers the question, "who does what?", including gender, age, time spent and location of the activity
the access and control profile, which identifies the resources used to carry out
the work identified in the activity profile, and access to and control over their use, by gender
the analysis of influencing factors, which charts factors that influence gender differences in the above two profiles
the project cycle analysis, which examines a project or intervention in light of gender-disaggregated information
The framework also contains a series of checklists consisting of key questions to ask at each stage of the project cycle: identification, design, implementation, and evaluation.