Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies
Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies, compiled by the WSIC, is a pentennial academic publication, the first of its kind in China, which objectively, thoroughly and systematically analyses women and gender studies information in China. The WSIC has so far published the Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies (1991-1995), Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies (1996-2000), and Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies (2001-2005).
Its prominent women's studies characteristics have made the Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies an acknowledged core yearbook within the China Yearbook Full-text Database.
Under the guidance of Marxism, the Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies embodies valuable ideas on gender equality and women's development and thoroughly and systematically records achievements and information on women and gender studies. It is essential reading for researchers of women's studies, teachers and students of women's studies and government staff whose work involves policies on women. The Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies is collected in national and local libraries, universities libraries and women's studies centers and widely used in work on women's studies.
The quality editing and proofreading of the Almanac of Chinese Women's Studies (2001-2005) is acknowledged throughout China's publishing industry. In 2008 it won first prize at the Fourth National Yearbook Quality Appraisal Activity hosted by the Working Committee on Yearbook under the Publishers Association of China.
The book comprises a main body and five-yearly entries on study achievements and information reflecting progress in women's studies. It is in five main sections. They are: important literature; study summaries; study achievements; introductions to academic organizations, conferences and scholars; and an appendix.
Report on Gender Equality and Women's Development in China (Biennial)
Report on Gender Equality and Women's Development in China (Biennial) is a green book on gender equality and women's development compiled by the Women Studies Institute of China. It collects the ideas, study achievements and practical experience of experts, scholars and practitioners from authoritative organizations. It aims to provide reference materials for people from all walks of life that enable a clear, objective understanding of gender equality and women's development in all fields and areas of China, and to promote gender equality and women's development.
The book is published every two years. The first volume summarizes the general situation of women's development from 1995 to 2005. The subsequent biennial volumes are on gender equality and women's development.
This green book has two main characteristics. Firstly, it is the first ever to be published by a national studies institute on gender equality and women's development. Second, it contains the professional views and opinions of experts, scholars and practitioners at research institutes, universities and government departments on the main progress, challenges and propelling gender equality and women's development strategies over the past decade.
The Report on Gender Equality and Women's Development in China (1995-2005), includes a seven-part general report, situation analysis, law and policy analysis, research and investigation of special subjects, social intervention, appraisal report and appendix. It emphasizes the combination of theoretical, applicable and referential functions. The book describes changes in gender equality and women's development from the macro perspective and conducts research and investigation on topical and thorny issues from the micro perspective. It contains gender analyses of laws and policies that promote gender equality and women's development. It first appraises gender equality and the level of women's development and progress in China's provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities from the six perspectives of health, education, economy, politics and decision-making, the family, and the environment for women's development. It then highlights the proactive actions and experiences of government departments, women's federations and other NGOs in promoting gender equality and women's development, and records major events, important laws and academic conferences over the past decade.
Report on Gender Equality and Women's Development in China (2006-2007) is a combination of theories, applications and information intended to provide a thorough and objective understanding of the relationship between social justice/livelihood improvement and gender equality/women's development in the social context of ensuring economic growth, improving people's livelihood, maintaining stability and promoting harmony. It describes improvements in gender equality and women's development over the past two years from the macro perspective, and examines the problems that vulnerable groups such as migrant worker women, laid-off women, left-behind women, elderly women, left-behind girls and disabled women face from the micro perspective. From the social gender perspective, it analyses measures to improve relevant laws and policies to promote gender equality and women's development in the context of improving people's livelihood. It also publishes appraisal results on gender equality and women's development from the six perspectives of health, education, economy, politics and decision-making, the family, and the recent development environment, revealing variances in progress among China's provinces, regions and municipalities, and providing scientific reference material for promoting gender equality and women's development.
Survey on the Social Status of Women in China (Decennial)
The Survey on the Social Status of Women in China, jointly sponsored by the All-China Women's Federation and National Statistics Bureau and organized by the Women's Studies Institute of China, is conducted every 10 years. The first phase was finished in 1990 and the second in 2000. The third round is to begin on December 1, 2010.
1. Purpose of the Survey:
A main aspect of women and gender studies, women's social status is a research subject of common concern during China's social transitional period. Adjustment of interest structure and resolution of deep contradictions is bound to have a profound impact on the concepts, behavior and status of all people, including women, especially during the present economic, political reform and social transitional process. A survey on women's social status must focus on issues of main social concern, such as whether or not the market mechanism will induce gender interest differentiation and whether or not women's development and gender equality can synchronize with economic development and modernization. Also how the social status of different groups of women changes according to the changing social structure, and whether or not gaps in social status and development of women in different regions has narrowed. To this end, the purpose of the survey is to comprehensively and accurately reflect the situation and changes in China's gender equality and women's development since 2000, conduct historical and inter-group comparisons on women's social status, analyze and explain factors and mechanisms affecting women's social status, explore the relationship between changes in social structure and women's social status, and assist Party and government in making social policy and national program for women's development.
2. Framework and Method
Women's social status is defined in the survey as the rights, resources and responsibilities of different groups of women as compared to those of men in social life and social relationships, and the social acceptability of their roles. Economy, politics, education, health, marriage and the family and legal status are identified as elements of women's social status and main indicators through which to measure women's status. The index system includes the nine indicators of economy, politics, education, health, social welfare, marriage and family, lifestyle, law and social gender.
Statistics amassed in the questionnaire include those in the personal and community categories. The personal survey (third phase) targets Chinese citizens, other than in Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, aged 15 to 79. The focus of the first and second phases is people in the 18-64 age range. The community survey targets village committees selected in the third phase. On the basis of overall analyses of respondents, the survey also conducts a special investigation of typical women's groups to reveal the impact on women's social status of China's social structure change. In addition to quantitative research, the survey also adopts qualitative research methods, such as in-depth interviews and group discussions and literature research methods, to supplement and enrich study materials.
Survey sampling includes the national-level basic scheme and provincial-level supplementary scheme. National sampling meets the needs of national analysis. Provincial sampling is done on the basis of national sampling to analyze women's status in different provinces (regions and municipalities). Both schemes adopt the probability proportional to size (PPS) sampling technique. An eligible member of each sample household is chosen through random methods to become the respondent. Half of the respondents are from rural areas and half are women. To ensure data representativeness and reliability, the survey adopts several effective measures to strengthen quality control, thus avoiding non-sampling error. Each record has been weighted separately according to region, city and township, household population and gender to enhance data representativeness.
Form and Value of Results
The results of the survey take three main forms. The first is that of major data reports and policy recommendation reports. Policy recommendation reports should be submitted to the central and provincial government and Party committee when major data is issued to the public. Second are research papers and essay collections. During the second phase of the survey, national and provincial subject groups published dozens of papers and investigation reports on national and provincial publications and also Chinese Women's Social Status at the Turn of the Century (Contemporary China Publishing House). Third are research monographs and book series. During the first phase of the survey, the China Women's Publishing House published the Overview of the Social Status of Chinese Women (National Volume), and 17 volumes of book series were also published nationwide. During the second phase, the China Women's Publishing House published The Social Status of Chinese Women in Social Transition (National Volume) and 18 regional volumes.
The survey investigates the social status of women in the context of China's social reform and development, and answers questions on the relationships among socio-economic development, gender equality and women's development, social stratification and gender stratification.
The survey fully absorbs the latest domestic and international results on gender and women studies and conducts in-depth theoretical analysis and interpretation through relationships between the present situation and the phenomenon of women's social status.
The survey breaks through the limitations of essentialism in theory design. Seeing gender as a mechanism of social stratification, it holds that there are obvious differences between men and women as regards rights, resources, responsibility and social evaluation. It highlights analyses of general differences between men and women and also conducts special research on typical women groups to deepen theoretical understanding of the relationship between class and gender.
Creativity of Method:
The survey adopts quantitative and qualitative study methods. It interviews individual cases on the basis of quantitative study results and combines the two in reports that provide a clear understanding on the social status of women in contemporary China.
Survey sampling for the first time combines national and provincial schemes, which produces scientific and rational results.
The study and its results have important academic value as regards deepening the theory of women's liberation and development with Chinese characteristics, and understanding the relationship between class and gender, economic and social development, and gender equality and women's development.
Questions in the survey on gender equality and women's development and analyses of factors affecting changes in women's social status provide important bases for Party and government to formulate gender equality-oriented social policies. They are also of invaluable help to women's organizations in their carrying out of women's work.
Other than publishing main data to the public, the All-China Women's Federation also submits internal reports with more accurate data and profound analyses and recommendations to the central government. Provincial women's federations offer advice to provincial Party committees and governments on women-related policy-making to improve local women's development.
Accurate, objective and representative data provides a scientific basis on which to understand the situation and problems of Chinese women's social status from a macro perspective. It raises social awareness and sensitivity on gender equality issues and forms a more solid social foundation upon which to promote China's gender equality progress.