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Subject: Gender Analysis of China's Policy of Different Retirement Ages for Men and Women
Author: Zhang Huiqiang
Keyword: social gender, gender analysis, equality between men and women; female civil servants; equality of retirement age between men and women
Newspapers published: Journal of China Women's University
Issue No. original: No.5, 2012
This article analyzes China's current policy of implementing different retirement ages for men and women from a gender perspective.We can find gender blind spots or gender discrimination through analyzing the legislative background,legal provisions,implementation of the law,as well as the gender differences formed under the long-term social,cultural,historical,institutional,ideological and economic influences.On the basis of such analysis,this paper puts forth corresponding legislative suggestions.Implementing different retirement ages for men and women violates the non-discrimination principle in international human rights law and the principle of equality between men and women in the Chinese Constitution.It constitutes direct discrimination against women.In order to protect the legitimate interests of female workers and promote the sustainable development of society,it is both necessary and feasible to introduce the system of same retirement age for male and female civil servants.The state should implement a system of optional flexible retirement age,which is a system of different retirement ages for different groups of people in different phases.
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