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In August of 2006, the National Population and Family Planning Commission organized the sixth national (excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan) sample survey of population and family planning. This survey adopted three-stage and direct proportion to scale probability sampling method. It was carried out in 120 statistical counties (cities and districts) in the nationwide, which has good representativeness. The survey investigates 1200 village (community) committees, registers 44572 families, refers to 163626 people and investigates and registers 33257 women of child-bearing age. The replying rate of investigated individuals is 94%. It is indicated by the quality recheck on 28 sampling points in 6 provinces that this survey has high quality data. The main data from the survey are published in the following.
||Statistics Communique on Population and Family Planning-2006
|| Gender Statistics
1. Situation of childbirth
The low birth level of population keeps stable but goes up slightly to some extent in recent years. The total fertility in the nationwide was 1.59, 1.74 and 1.87 in 2004, 2005 and one year before survey (from September of 2005 to August of 2006) respectively. The total rate of first marriage was 1.23, 1.16 and 1.11 respectively. The total fertility with one child was 1.07, 1.23 and 1.32 respectively. It is indicated that the first marriage and childbirth have certain accumulation.
The gender ratio of new-born infant remains high. From 1996 to 2005, this ratio is up to 127.
2. Intent of childbirth
The average ideal number of children for women of child-bearing age is 1.73. The average ideal number of children is 1.78 and 1.60 for women with agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural Hukou respectively. This number is 1.70, 1.74 and 1.77 in the east, middle and west area. The average ideal number of children for unmarried women of child-bearing age is 1.46, which is obviously lower than that of married women (1.76). In terms of children gender, among the women of child-bearing age, 57.3% of them hope that "they have a son and a daughter", while 31.6% of them think it doesn't matter.
Among the unmarried women of child-bearing age, 60.2% of them don't mind whether the husband is only child or not when. The proportion of looking for only son is 19.2% and 11.1% respectively for unmarried only daughter and unmarried non only daughter.
3. Contraception and birth control
In 2006, the comprehensive contraceptive rate of married women of child-bearing age was 84.6%. The rate was 84.5% and 84.7% respectively for married women with agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural Hukou. The contraception method adopted by married women of child-bearing age is mainly long-term measure. 87.2% of them choose intrauterine device, female sterilization and male sterilization, while 10.0% of them choose condom.
In terms of contraceptive method, 76.1% is decided by woman or couple, while 18.7% is decided by administrative staff of family planning. The proportion of contraceptive method decided by administrative staff of family planning was 22.2% and 9.0% respectively for married women of child-bearing age with agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural Hukou. Among those accepted intrauterine device, hypodermic implantation and sterilization, 33.1% of them accepted follow-up of technical service staff after operation. 35.6% of the contraceptive married women of child-bearing age don't know "very well" of "at all" about the side effect of contraceptive methods.
The proportion of free basic contraceptive service such as intrauterine device, hypodermic implantation and sterilization was 57.8%. This proportion was 62.6% and 41.5% respectively for married women with agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural Hukou. 58.8% of the married women in the country (town and street, short for permanent residence in the following) where the residence is registered can accept free contraceptive service. It is higher than the level of flow (outside the permanent residence, same in the following) married women of 47.5%.
4. Reproduction healthy
Among the investigated married women of child-bearing ages, 22.6% of them have experience of artificial abortion. The average number of artificial abortion was 0.27 times. This number was 0.24 times and 0.37 times respectively for married women with agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural Hukou. Between 2000 and 2005, the ratio of birth to artificial abortion was 0.27 for married women.
Within 6 months before the investigation, the proportion of women of child-bearing age who had at least one genital infection was 34.1%, 55.1% of which went to a doctor. The above two proportions were 38.0% and 53.3% for married women with agricultural Hukou, 24.0% and 62.4% for married women with non-agricultural Hukou, 30.1 and 57.3% for flow married women and 34.6% and 54.8% for married women living in permanent residence.
The proportion of women of child-bearing age who heard about venereal diseases and AIDS was 74.3% and 85.4% respectively. These two indexes were 82.7% and 91.7% for flow women.
5. Reward and benefit for family planning
The proportion of getting glorious cards for only-child families was 61.2%. This proportion was 47.7% and 79.4% respectively for families with agricultural Hukou and non-agricultural Hukou. Among those according with the conditions of getting health subsidies for parents of only child, 74.6% of them can get the subsidies on time. The proportion for agricultural population and non-agricultural population was 73.5% and 75.5% respectively, which were basically equal. The proportion was 70.9% for flow population, which was 4.1 percentage points lower than that of those living in permanent residence.
Among the investigated married women of child-bearing ages, 70.0% of them heard about the national reward and support system for some rural family planning families. This proportion is the highest in west area with 73.2% and lowest in middle area with 66.8%. Such proportion was 75.3% for agricultural population, which is higher than that of non-agricultural population (55.5%).
Among the investigated family members, 18.6% of them have pension guarantee. This proportion was 23.6% for the members of family planning families, which was obviously higher than 4.2% for those of non-family planning families. The proportion of pension guarantee was only 6.0% in rural areas, where the guarantee type was mainly rural collective endowment assurance.
6. Flow population
The proportion of flow population in investigated women of child-bearing age was 11.7%. Among the flow married women with children younger than 14, 16.5% of them have at least one child away from them.